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( . . - ) - 1) . 16-17 . [. dramma per (la) musica, dramma in musical, "" 18 . 2) , 2- . 19 . ; . : . . , . , . , - .-. . . . . . . . 1849-52. . : - , - ; , , . , , . . . . . 1- . 19 ., . "" (1848) . . , , ". ." . . . . . . . - . , ., , "" , " " . . . " " "" ". . ". 3) . , . ( ). . . . ("" , . . , . ). , . ". ." . . . . , . (" " .), , . , . , . . . . ("" , ; " " , , .) , . . 4) ". ." . , . , . ("", "", "", " " .).
. ., . , ., 1952; . ., . , ., 1952; . ., . , ., 1961; ., . , [. .], ., 1978; undt h., Kritische Wilder, Lpz., 1833; lbright H. D., Musical drama as a union of all the arts, .: Studies in speech and drama. In honour of A. M. Drummond, Ithaca (N. Y.), 1944; Dahlhus C., Wagners Konzeption des musikalischen Dramas, Xegensburg, 1971. . . .

(: , 1990)
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